Exploring Different Buying Methods in Programmatic Advertising

What are we Buying?

Ad spaces ! In our Programmatic campaigns, we purchase ad spaces that span diverse environments, devices, and formats, all tailored to reach precise target audiences. Wherther it is Out of Home Ads, Youtube or across the web.

How many different buying methods are there?

  1. Open Auction

The open auction is a widely used buying method in programmatic advertising due to its ease of setup, lack of dependency on third parties, and its ability to offer competitive advantages such as low Cost Per Mille (CPM) and extensive audience reach.


In the open auction model, advertisers have the opportunity to bid in real-time for ad impressions on various websites and digital platforms. These auctions occur instantly as users access web pages or apps, enabling advertisers to reach their target audience at the right moment. The absence of third-party intermediaries streamlines the process and reduces complexity, making it a preferred choice for many advertisers.

Advantages of Open Auction
  1. Cost-effectiveness: Advertisers can secure ad impressions at a lower cost per thousand impressions (CPM) compared to other buying methods. This affordability is particularly advantageous for those with budget constraints, allowing them to reach a larger audience without overspending.
  2. Broader reach: The open auction provides access to an extensive network of publishers, giving advertisers the opportunity to reach a diverse set of audiences across different environments and devices. This broad coverage allows for engagement with potential customers at various touchpoints, increasing the chances of achieving campaign objectives.
  3. Increased engagement: With the ability to target audiences across multiple platforms and websites, the open auction allows advertisers to connect with users in different stages of the buyer’s journey. This enhanced engagement potential can lead to higher conversions and better campaign results.
  4. Real-time bidding: The open auction operates on a real-time bidding (RTB) model, which enables advertisers to bid on ad impressions as they become available. This ensures that advertisers can quickly adapt their strategies and target the most relevant audiences at any given moment, optimizing campaign performance.
  5. Flexibility and control: Advertisers have the flexibility to set their bid prices and budgets, giving them more control over their ad spend and targeting. This level of control allows for efficient optimization of campaigns based on performance and audience responsiveness.
  6. Data-driven targeting: Open auctions leverage data from various sources to enable precise audience targeting. Advertisers can use data insights to create tailored campaigns that resonate with specific customer segments, increasing the chances of driving conversions and achieving goals.
  7. Transparency and insights: The open auction provides advertisers with detailed reporting and analytics, offering valuable insights into ad performance and audience behavior. This transparency allows advertisers to make data-driven decisions and refine their strategies for future campaigns.
  8. Easy entry for advertisers: The open auction model is accessible to a wide range of advertisers, including smaller businesses and startups. The simplicity of the process allows advertisers of all sizes to participate and compete in the programmatic advertising landscape.

Overall, the open auction offers a cost-effective, data-driven, and transparent buying method that allows advertisers to efficiently reach their target audiences and drive better results for their ad campaigns.

  1. Managed Service (Direct / IO buy)

Before the advent of programmatic advertising, marketers used the managed service, also known as Direct or IO buy. In this approach, marketers would establish a direct one-on-one relationship with publishers. They would negotiate and agree on costs, timelines, and specific ad placements, and the publishers would then run the media on the marketer’s behalf.

Advantages of Direct / IO Auction

  1. Personalized and direct interaction: Direct buys involve a one-on-one relationship between the marketer and the publisher. This direct interaction allows for personalized negotiations and greater collaboration in determining ad placements, resulting in more tailored and specific advertising strategies.
  2. Control over ad placements: Marketers have the ability to select the exact websites or platforms where their ads will appear. This level of control ensures that ads are placed in environments that align with the brand’s values and target audience, enhancing brand safety and relevance.
  3. Guaranteed media placements: Direct buys prioritize the marketer’s ad placements, ensuring that the agreed-upon media inventory is secured as per the plan. This predictability can be particularly beneficial for specific advertising objectives and campaigns with strict timelines.
  4. Transparency in pricing: Marketers typically have greater transparency into the pricing and costs associated with their ad placements in direct buys. This clarity allows for better budget management and cost optimization.
  5. Brand protection: With direct buys, marketers can avoid appearing on websites or platforms that might be associated with controversial or harmful content. This brand safety feature is crucial for maintaining a positive brand image and avoiding potential negative associations.
  6. Customized solutions: Direct buys offer the opportunity for tailored and customized advertising solutions. Marketers can negotiate special ad formats, placements, and exclusive partnerships with publishers to meet their specific campaign goals and unique branding needs.
  7. Building publisher relationships: Through direct buys, marketers can establish closer relationships with publishers, fostering long-term partnerships that may lead to more favorable terms, additional opportunities, and access to premium inventory.
  8. No reliance on Demand-Side Platforms (DSPs): Since direct buys are executed outside the DSP, there is no competition with other advertisers for the same inventory. This can lead to more focused and less fragmented ad placements.

While direct buys offer numerous advantages, they may not be suitable for all advertisers due to their minimum spend requirements and lack of programmatic automation. However, for those seeking personalized relationships with publishers, precise control over placements, and guaranteed ad inventory, direct buys remain a valuable option in the programmatic advertising landscape.

  1. PMP (Private Marketplace)

The Private Marketplace (PMP) is a buying method used when advertisers have specific knowledge about their target audience’s preferences and behaviors, and they want to invest a predetermined budget on particular websites to reach that audience.

In a PMP, advertisers and publishers enter into private agreements, granting access to premium ad inventory that is not available through open auctions. The PMP allows advertisers to secure ad space on specific websites or digital platforms where their desired audience is likely to visit.

Advantages of PMP

  1. Targeted audience: PMPs allow advertisers to target specific audiences more precisely. Advertisers can access premium inventory that aligns with their target demographics, interests, and behavior, increasing the relevance of their ads and potentially improving campaign performance.
  2. Controlled environment: PMPs offer a controlled and brand-safe environment where advertisers can showcase their ads. Ad placements are within high-quality publishers and platforms, reducing the risk of ad fraud and ensuring brand safety.
  3. Exclusive inventory: PMPs often feature exclusive and premium ad inventory that may not be available through open auctions. This exclusivity provides advertisers with the opportunity to reach a more engaged and receptive audience.
  4. Better ad placements: Advertisers can negotiate specific ad placements and formats with publishers in a PMP. This level of control ensures that the ads are displayed in the most favorable positions, maximizing visibility and impact.
  5. Enhanced transparency: PMPs provide more transparency into where ads are displayed and which publishers are involved. This increased visibility allows advertisers to make more informed decisions and assess the performance of their campaigns effectively.
  6. Reduced ad fraud risk: The controlled and vetted nature of PMPs can help mitigate ad fraud risks compared to open auctions. Advertisers can have more confidence that their ads are reaching real and engaged users.
  7. Data insights: PMPs often offer valuable data insights and reporting to advertisers. These insights can help marketers optimize their campaigns, refine targeting strategies, and achieve better ROI.
  8. Privacy compliance: PMPs usually adhere to stricter privacy and data protection regulations. Advertisers can ensure their campaigns comply with relevant laws and protect user data while still reaching their desired audiences effectively.
  9. Customized deals: PMPs allow for customized deals and negotiations between advertisers and publishers. This flexibility enables advertisers to find unique opportunities and tailor their campaigns to specific publisher environments.
  10. Middle ground between direct buys and open auctions: PMPs offer a compromise between the control and precision of direct buys and the efficiency and targeting capabilities of programmatic advertising. Advertisers can benefit from both worlds, accessing targeted audiences while still leveraging programmatic automation.

While PMPs may come with a higher CPM compared to open auctions, the benefits of targeting, control, exclusivity, and brand safety make them a valuable option for advertisers looking to reach specific audiences in a premium and controlled environment.

  1. PG (Programmatic Guaranteed)

In the realm of programmatic advertising, a PG deal, also known as Programmatic Guaranteed, refers to a mutually negotiated agreement between the seller (publisher) and the buyer (advertiser). The negotiation encompasses both the price and specific terms for a reserved inventory, which is exclusively allocated to the buyer at the agreed-upon price.


Advantages of PG (Programmatic Guaranteed)

  1. Guaranteed ad inventory: PG deals ensure that the buyer has exclusive access to the designated ad space on selected websites or digital platforms. This guarantees that the buyer’s ads will be displayed without the risk of ad space being sold to competing advertisers.
  2. Exclusivity and certainty: PG deals offer a level of exclusivity, providing assurance to the buyer that their ads will reach the intended audience without any competition from other advertisers. This certainty is particularly valuable for advertisers running time-sensitive or high-priority campaigns.
  3. Programmatic automation: Despite the guaranteed inventory, PG setups still benefit from programmatic technology, allowing for automated ad buying and selling processes. This automation streamlines the ad placement process, making it efficient and time-saving for both buyers and sellers.
  4. Data-driven targeting: With PG deals, advertisers can leverage data-driven targeting capabilities to reach their desired audience effectively. This ensures that the right ads are shown to the right users, enhancing the relevance and impact of the advertising campaign.
  5. Predictable ad revenue: PG deals provide publishers with a committed revenue stream, as the inventory is pre-arranged and reserved for the buyer. This predictability allows publishers to plan their ad space utilization and financials more effectively.
  6. Strategic collaboration: PG arrangements encourage effective collaboration between advertisers and publishers. Advertisers can secure specific ad inventory while publishers can optimize their ad space utilization and monetization.
  7. Enhanced brand safety: PG deals typically involve pre-approved publishers, reducing the risk of ad fraud and inappropriate ad placements. Advertisers can have greater confidence that their ads will be displayed in brand-safe environments.
  8. Customized deals: PG setups allow for customized negotiations between advertisers and publishers. This flexibility enables both parties to find mutually beneficial arrangements that suit their specific needs and objectives.
  9. Premium placement opportunities: PG deals often provide access to premium placements on high-traffic and desirable websites or platforms. This elevates the visibility and impact of the ads, potentially leading to better campaign performance.
  10. Efficient campaign execution: Programmatic Guaranteed streamlines the ad buying process and eliminates the need for manual negotiations for each individual ad placement. This efficiency benefits both advertisers and publishers, saving time and resources.

In summary, Programmatic Guaranteed offers a powerful combination of exclusive ad inventory, programmatic automation, data-driven targeting, and strategic collaboration between advertisers and publishers. This strategic arrangement benefits both parties by providing guaranteed access to ad space and ensuring a predictable and committed revenue stream.

  1. Preferred Deals

In the realm of programmatic advertising, a Preferred Deal is a collaborative arrangement between a seller (publisher) and a buyer (advertiser). In this negotiation, they agree upon a specific price and terms for the available ad inventory. The unique aspect of a Preferred Deal is that the buyer has the option to bid on this inventory, but they are given a preferred opportunity to bid at the pre-negotiated price whenever there is an ad request for that particular inventory.

A Preferred Deal does not guarantee that the inventory is exclusively reserved for the buyer. Instead, the buyer has the flexibility to choose whether to reserve it for a guaranteed campaign at a potentially more favorable price or bid on it through programmatic channels as per the pre-agreed terms.

Advantages of Preferred Deals

  1. Priority access to ad inventory: Preferred Deals provide buyers with priority access to bid on the inventory at pre-negotiated prices. This ensures that the buyer has the opportunity to secure ad placements before they become available in the open auction.
  2. Fixed prices: Publishers and buyers agree on fixed prices for the inventory in the Preferred Deal setup. This allows both parties to have a clear understanding of the transaction terms and helps eliminate price fluctuations that can occur in open auctions.
  3. Flexibility for buyers: Despite the preferred status, buyers have the freedom to choose whether or not to bid on the inventory when the ad request occurs. This flexibility allows advertisers to evaluate their options and make informed decisions based on campaign requirements.
  4. Balances certainty and flexibility: Preferred Deals strike a balance between guaranteed deals and programmatic auctions. Advertisers benefit from the certainty of having a preferred opportunity to bid while still retaining the flexibility to explore other inventory options.
  5. Strategic targeting: Preferred Deals enable advertisers to target specific audience segments or premium placements that align with their campaign objectives. This targeted approach enhances the relevance and performance of the advertising.
  6. Brand suitability: Advertisers can ensure that their ads are displayed in brand-safe and contextually appropriate environments through Preferred Deals. This mitigates the risk of ad placements in unsuitable or controversial content.
  7. Streamlined negotiation process: Preferred Deals involve upfront negotiations, streamlining the ad buying process. Publishers and advertisers can establish terms and pricing beforehand, saving time and effort compared to traditional direct deals.
  8. Collaborative approach: Preferred Deals foster a more collaborative relationship between publishers and advertisers. It allows both parties to work together to find mutually beneficial opportunities and optimize ad placements.
  9. Increased control for publishers: Publishers have control over which buyers can access their preferred inventory and at what prices. This control allows publishers to maintain a certain level of exclusivity and ensures that their inventory maintains its value.
  10. Performance and efficiency: Preferred Deals often lead to more efficient ad buying as advertisers can secure ad placements quickly at preferred prices. This can result in better campaign performance and optimization of advertising budgets.

In summary, Preferred Deals offer priority access to ad inventory at fixed prices, providing advertisers with more control and flexibility while still ensuring a collaborative and strategic approach between publishers and buyers. It strikes a balance between the certainty of guaranteed deals and the efficiency of programmatic auctions, benefiting both parties in the programmatic advertising ecosystem.

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